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Title 116 Church Street (Cannon-Kirkland House)
Object Type Property File
Scope & Content Constructed ca. 1796-1810; altered ca. 1840; rehabilitated 1986. The wealthy lumberman and contractor Daniel Cannon or his daughter Martha apparently built this fairly typical masonry Charleston single house as rental property. Miss Cannon at her death in 1815 directed the sale of her "house and Lot in Church Street" for the benefit of her estate. Dr. Joseph Kirkland, who had apparently been a tenant on the property since 1813, purchased the house and lot. Kirkland, a prominent physician, was noted for his innovative treatments using "electricity," but he was also a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from this parish from 1810 to 1815 and an advocate of public improvements and education. Kirkland's widow, Marianne Kennan Guerard Kirkland, and his son, Dr. William Kirkland, continued to live in the house and use it for the latter's medical practice as well. The younger Kirkland sold the house in 1850 to John Klinck, proprietor of the adjacent Klinck, Wickenberg, and Company grocers. Although a number of Federal features survive, including the notable wrought-iron balcony on the 2nd story, the piazza and principal entry doors date from the Greek Revival period and were added in 1840-50. The attached rear dependency of English bond brickwork may be earlier and a survivor of the fire. The most distinctive feature of the building is the wall with high balustrade separating the first story of the piazza from the carriage drive.

Files contain documentation of the easement on the property including related correspondence and Confirmation of Understanding; Part I certification (National Register); annual inspection reports, requests for alterations, and correspondence related to the management of the property; brief narrative building history (from a guidebook); HCF staff research notes; historical/chain-of-title research information, including deeds, maps; 1861 census (1 page); photo ca. 1905 of portion of building (south) and alley; copies of photos (poor quality) (perhaps attached to Part I certification?); 1797 McCrady plat showlng lot belonging to Miss Martha Cannon and neighboring lots off of Broad Street.

See Easement Documentation Photo Files for easement donation photographs (Exh. B to Deed of Conservation Easement) and Covenant/Easement Inspection Photo Files for inspection photography.
Subjects Historic buildings--South Carolina--Charleston
Search Terms Church Street
Walled City
Easement Property
Physical Description 1 Gift Folder
1 Management Folder
1 History/Miscellaneous Folder
Object ID # CHURCH.116.1