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Title 900 King Street (William Enston Home)
Object Type Property File
Scope & Content The William Enston Home, a complex constructed between the initial acquisition of the property in 1882 and 1933, is an early example of benevolent and philanthropic efforts to provide housing for the elderly. Funded by an 1859 bequest from William Enston, an Englishman who immigrated to Charleston in the early 19th century, the home was intended to house the aged and inform in a manner similar to the home in Enston's native Canterbury. As such, the Home may be one of the oldest such complexes in the South. The home was established on the north end of the Charleston peninsula on the former Storen farm, in an area which the City of Charleston hoped to redevelop as a model suburb. The initial portions of the Enston Home complex were built between 1884 and 1888, with additional buildings and structures built in 1893, 1927, and 1933. With its neat rows of detached double cottages set amid spacious landscaped grounds, the Home provides an unusual and well-preserved example of 19th century picturesque suburban-planning concepts adapted to a charitable and institutional function. In architectural terms, the Home is significant as a preeminent example of the Romanesque Revival style, a style rare in Charleston.

File contains National Register nomination form (1996); newspaper articles from 1983-1996 (including 1983 DYKYC); reduced-size copy of architectural drawing by C. Gamache, Mary Washington College (see Related tab for full-size drawing); color photocopy of the grounds, possibly from a postcard or brochure, entitled "The William Enston Home to make old age comfortable (see image attached to this record); copies of photographs of various buildings (unattributed, undated); narrative history by Keith L. Eggener from The Vernacular Architecture of Charleston and the Lowcountry; packet of architectural drawings, engineering survey, and photos (2004-2005); excerpt (with photograph) from A New Guide to Modern Charleston (1912); excerpt (with photograph and ground plan) from 1897 City of Charleston Yearbook.
Subjects Historic buildings--South Carolina--Charleston
Old age homes--South Carolina--Charleston
Search Terms King Street
Physical Description 1 File Folder
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Object ID # KING.900.001