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Title 55 Church Street (Benjamin Phillips House)
Object Type Property File
Scope & Content Constructed ca. 1818; converted to apartments ca. 1952; restored to residence 1987. This is a 3½ story weatherboarded frame house built by a Charleston merchant in the late-Neoclassical style on the site of the 18th century townhouse of an Ashley River planter. It is notable for its unusual plan, which is an early divergence from the Charleston single house. The arched and fanlighted front door leads to a side passage which provides access to a front room, probably originally for business, and thence to the rest of the building with its residential spaces. Although passing through a succession of prominent resident owners including the physician and scientist Dr. Thomas Y. Simons from 1835-47, the building became a boardinghouse and then apartments before a recent restoration. The garden at the rear has received acclaim as modern interpretation of the classic town garden of 18th century Charleston.

Files contain documentation of the easement on the property including related correspondence and Confirmation of Understanding; easement appraisal report; Part I certification (National Register); annual inspection reports, requests for alterations, and correspondence related to the management of the property; FOHG house history; other narrative histories including detailed report by Robert Stockton; articles about the house and garden; handwritten (staff?) research notes (scant); copy of measured drawing of first floor.

See Easement Documentation Photo Files for easement donation photographs (Exh. B to Deed of Conservation Easement) and Covenant/Easement Inspection Photo Files for inspection photography (undated).
Subjects Historic buildings--South Carolina--Charleston
Search Terms Church Street
Easement Property
Walled City
Physical Description 1 Gift Folder
1 Management Folder
1 History/Miscellaneous Folder
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Object ID # CHURCH.055.1