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Title 10 Archdale Street (St. John's Lutheran Church)
Object Type Property File
Scope & Content Constructed 1816-18; additions 1859, 1896; restored 1990-91. Frederick Wesner, architect; Abraham Reeves, ironwork designer. A rectangular, stuccoed brick edifice which combines Federal and Baroque elements. Erected in 1816-18 to replace a gambrel-roofed wooden building, the church is thought to have been designed by Frederick Wesner, who also designed the Old Citadel Building and the portico of the South Carolina Society Hall at 72 Meeting Street). Wesner guided construction of the wooden portions of the church, while John Horlbeck Jr. and Henry Horlbeck were responsible for the brickwork. Reverend John Bachman was pastor during this period and served the church for almost 60 years. It is not known who designed the tower that rises from the west gable to a height of 80 feet, although the artist Charles Fraser submitted a more traditional design that the committee rejected. This tower has 4 sections: the 1st has louvered bull's-eyes; the 2nd has shallow scrolls with heavy strap-work; the 3rd is the cupola with Italianate pilasters flanking open arches; and the 4th is the 4-sided dome with a bulbous finial. The portico, with its 4 Tuscan columns, wide entablature, and lunette in the pediment, is approached through iron gates designed by Abraham Paycom Reeves, and executed by Jacob S. Roh in 1822. The interior has galleries on 3 sides supported by slender cast-iron Corinthian columns and a recessed chancel with a window flanked by arched tablets. The pulpit was donated by late-19th-century cabinetmaker Jacob Sass and was added in 1896. Numerous gravestones in German combine with several slate3s imported from New England and large monuments to the great Lutheran merchant families of mid-19th-century Charleston.

File contains a variety of histories and several newspaper articles from 1942 to 1979, including DYKYC. Also contains a photocopy of a drawing of the interior; Church Yard Committee report of 1/12/1997 regarding various issues.
Subjects Historic buildings--South Carolina--Charleston
Church buildings--South Carolina--Charleston
St. John's Lutheran Church (Charleston, S.C.)
Search Terms Archdale Street
Physical Description 1 File Folder
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Object ID # ARCHDALE.010.001