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Title 106 Broad Street (John Lining House a/k/a Poulnot's Pharmacy a/k/a Schwettman's Pharmacy)
Object Type Property File
Scope & Content Constructed before 1715; additions, 1900s; restored 1972. This dwelling holds claim to distinction as the oldest frame structure in Charleston. The building's cypress structural members support architectural detailing that, in a modern context, appears rather plain but in the context of first period construction, was rather advanced. The fully beaded siding, front door architrave, and dormers all reflect a well-developed architectural vocabulary. Most construction in this early period would not have boasted such details. The house stands on lot 160 of the "Grand Modell," granted to Huguenot James De Bordeaux. A house is mentioned in a deed of 1715 conveying it to William Harvey, then the tenant in the property. John Lining, the first person to conduct scientific and systematic weather observations in America, may never have lived on the property. It belonged to his wife's family for more than 20 years before their brief tenures as owners. Between 1783 and 1793, 106 Broad Street housed the Gazette of the State of South Carolina, which was published by Mrs. Ann Timothy. In the 1780s it became an apothecary for Dr. Andrew Turnbull, proprietor of a failed experiential colony in Florida called New Smyrna. It also served as the drug store for Dr. Jacob de la Motta (Apothecaries' Hall), Schwettman's Pharmacy, and Poulnot's Pharmacy. In the 1960s the Preservation Society purchased and restored the building, which had housed a storefront drugstore since the early-20th century.

File contains various narrative histories including FOHG house histories; research notes including chain-of-title and miscellaneous historical information about John Lining, including a timeline from Frances R. Edmunds papers that she (presumably) drafted; architectural drawings; newspaper articles (including DYKYC) and articles from newspapers and other publications, including article about the closing of Poulnot's Pharmacy (with photos); various Preservation Society "Preservation Progress" articles (with photos); booklet The Statical Experiments of Dr. John Lining, 1740"; copy of booklet "The 200th Anniversary of American's First Systematic Weather Observations"; correspondence related to HCF's fundraising efforts to save the Lining House; sample of wallpaper (undated, sample removed from FRE 1985 files).
Subjects Historic buildings--South Carolina--Charleston
Stores and shops
Search Terms Broad Street
Eighteenth-Century Expansion
Corner store
Physical Description 1 File Folder
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Object ID # BROAD.106.001